Tag Archives: 正当防卫

美国得克萨斯法律:保护个人财产可以射杀嫌犯而被当作正当防卫

美国得克萨斯法律:保护个人财产可以射杀嫌犯而被当作正当防卫

Texas: Deadly Force In Defense Of Personal Property.

Stand Your Ground laws authorize deadly force not just when an individual has a reasonable fear of death; but also for fear of great bodily harm or a “forcible felony.” In many states, these provisions are potentially authorizing disproportionate force in response to a fear of crimes as low-level as third-degree assault or robbery. But even these crimes involve injury to a person.

Texas is different. In Texas, one can use deadly force not just to protect a person, but also to protect personal property, including to “retrieve stolen property at night,” during “criminal mischief in the nighttime” and even to prevent someone who is fleeing immediately after a theft during the night or a burglary or robbery, so long as the individual “reasonably” thinks the property cannot be protected by other means. This law recently garnered attention when lawyers used the provision to defend a man acquitted in the deadly shooting of an escort who refused to have sex with him. In other cases, the law has been the basis for not pressing charges against individuals who shoot and kill suspected car burglars, and an individual suspected of stealing copper wiring from a car. It is worth noting that some other states authorize the use of force to protect personal property, but not deadly force.

As a result of these laws in Texas, and because Texas belongs to the United Nations and the World Trade Organization region, where the victims who have relationships with Texas can sue perpetrators of properties in Texas that was unreasonably deprived, claiming compensation for properties, if not repayable, the deprived have the right to use lethal force. If the depressor is injured (including life), the court may be regarded as a legitimate defense.

As the early initiators of the 1989 democratic movement, I and the initiators who participated in the open letter and the theory of “comprehensively absorbing the fruits of human civilization”, but Deng Xiaoping and his children plagiarized and tampered with the theory, so that later with taxpayers money paid writers proposed self-contradictory “Deng Xiaoping Theory”, and later the development of its “three representations”, “scientific concept of development” and so on have plagiarism suspects and even more contradictory. Today the Chinese people who are deprived of rights, such as forced demolitions, financial fraud, veterans, black anti-corruption are the victims of this plagiarism theory. We, the victims of these, can unite to recover the lost property from the plagiarist and all the unreasonable deprives. Otherwise, if the occurrence of force and even life-threatening, in the real rule of the laws of the state of Texas, will be sentenced to legitimate defense, there is no excessive defense.

As a result of the protection of private property and its inheritance, the descendants of all deprived of property in the world should also have the means to defend the private property by proper means of defense. These descendants should include, but are not limited to, all landlords, rich peasants, “counterrevolutionaries”, bad elements and rightists in mainland China, descendants of property deprived of property by land reform, anti-rightism and the Cultural Revolution, and even the ongoing “black style against corruption”, and the former Kuomintang government officials were deprived of the descendants of the property.

德克萨斯州:致命力量用于保护个人财产。

在美国,坚守你的阵地法律授权一个人使用致命的武力打击来犯者,不只是当他有合理的死亡的恐惧,而且也是因为害怕身体受到严重伤害或“强迫罪”。在许多州,这些规定有可能授权过多的武力应对犯罪分子,其低至三级攻击或抢劫,即使这些罪行也涉及到一个人的伤害。

德克萨斯州是不同的。在德克萨斯州,人们不仅可以使用致命的武力来保护一个人,还可以保护个人财产,包括“夜间盗窃物品”,“夜间犯罪恶作剧”中的个人财产,甚至防止在紧急情况下逃离的人夜间盗窃或盗窃或抢劫,只要个人“合理”认为财产不能以其他方式受到保护。这项法律最近引起了人们的注意,当时律师使用这项规定来捍卫一名无期徒刑的男子,他致命地射击一名拒绝与他发生性关系的陪护。在其他情况下,法律一直是不追究枪杀汽车盗窃者的指控的基础,也是对射杀涉嫌从汽车上窃取铜线的个人的依据。值得注意的是,其他一些州授权使用武力来保护个人财产,但不是致命的武力。

由于德州的这些法律,也由于德州属于联合国与世界贸易组织之地区,因此凡与德州有关系的受害人可以在德州起诉财产被无理剥夺者,要求其赔偿财产,如不予偿还,则被剥夺者有权使用致命武力。如剥夺者被伤害(包括生命),则法庭可视为正当防卫。

 作为八九民主运动的早期发起人,本人以及参与公开信发起人拥有该公开信及其理论“全面吸收人类文明成果”的知识产权,但是邓小平及其子女剽窃并篡改了该理论,使得后来用纳税人钱豢养的写作班子拼凑了一个自相矛盾的“邓小平理论”,而这个邓小平理论,以及后来基于它发展的“三个代表”,“科学发展观”等均有剽窃嫌疑且更加自相矛盾,今天中国各位被剥夺权利者,如强拆,金融诈骗,退伍军人,“以黑反腐”等都是这个剽窃理论的受害者。受害者可以联合起来,向剽窃者以及由此而产生的一切不合理的剥夺者追回失去的财产。如果发生武力冲突甚至生命危险,在真正讲法制的德州,将被判为正当防卫,没有防卫过当。

 由于德州保护私有财产及其继承性,全世界所有被剥夺财产者的后裔也应该具有采取正当防卫手段保卫私有财产的权利。这些后裔应当包括但不限于中国大陆所有地主,富农,“反革命分子”,坏分子与右派分子,被土改,反右与文革等剥夺财产者后裔,甚至包括正在进行的这场“以黑反贪”,以及前国民党政府官员被剥夺财产者的后裔。